Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem.
In the previous part i.e. Introduction, We mentioned a Hadith of Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallaho Anhu) in which the Prophet (SalAllahu Alayhi Wasallam) was giving him some advice.
The Advise started with some intriguing word, if you might have noticed, and it was “Safeguard Allah”. We will be explaining the same and what does that actually mean in this Part In Sha Allah.
The saying of the Messenger of Allah (SalAllahu Alayhi Wasallam), “Safeguard Allah and He will safeguard you,” means to safeguard the limits of Allah, His rights, His commands and His prohibitions. These are preserved by meeting His commands with compliance, His prohibitions with avoidance, and His limits by not overstepping or transgressing them such that one leaves what has been prescribed and encroaches on the proscribed.
All of the above is included in the term, ‘preserving the limits of Allah’ and as such is subsumed by the sayings of Allah,
” … those who preserve the limits of Allah”
– al-Tawbah (9): 112
“This is what you were promised; it is for every penitent and heedful one: those who fear the All Merciful in the Unseen and come with a contrite heart.”
– Qaf(50): 32-33
The term, heedful one in this Ayah has been explained to mean one who safeguards the commandments of Allah and it has also been explained to mean a person whose solicitude for his sins leads him to repent and desist. The Ayah encompasses both meanings and, moreover, anyone who safeguards the legacy of Allah to His servants and follows it is also included within the scope of the verse. All of these aspects revolve around one and the same fundamental meaning.
One of the wordings of the Hadith concerning the Day of Increase in Paradise mentions that ”when Allah Most High, will summon the inhabitants of Jannah to visit Him, and after He has removed the veils for them, He will say, ‘Welcome 0 servants of Mine: those who safeguarded my legacy, tended to My covenant and feared Me in secret; those who, in every circumstance, remained in dread of Me.” (1)
Therefore his (SalAllahu Alayhi Wasallam) commanding ibn ‘Abbas to safeguard Allah comprises all that has been mentioned above.
In the next part we will cover how to Safeguard the Limits of Allah.
(1) lbn Kathir, al-Bidayah wa’l-Nihayah, vol. 2, pg. 520 said, “This is mursal da’if gharib, the best that one can say about it is that it is the words of one of the Salaf which were mistakenly attributed to the Prophet (SalAllahu Alayhi Wasallam). Allah knows best.”
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